Wichtige Regeln zum Gebrauch des Subjunctives

Present Subjunctive (“Infinitiv-Form” auch in der 3. Person!) folgt nach that (Signalwort!) bei  Verben des Wünschens, Aufforderns, Verlangens:

E.g.: Her brother advised that she go and see a doctor.

 

Present Subjunctive drückt in Nebensätzen einen hohen Grad an Förmlichkeit aus:

E.g.: May the price be high, we will never stop fighting for freedom in the world.

 

Present Subjunctive wird in Nebensätzen des Ziels/des Zweckes/der Absicht verwendet (Signalwörter: in order that, so that, so). Er drückt hier ebenfalls Förmlichkeit aus und kann meistens durch eine Form von should/could/can/may etc. ersetzt werden:

E.g.: A big company has recently equipped four schools with computers so that their students be taught adequately.

 

Past Subjunctive (were-Subjunctive) wird in irrealen Bedingungssätzen verwendet:

E.g.: If you were here now, I would be so happy.

 

Subjunctive wird außerdem in Wunschsätzen gebraucht (Signalwörter: if only, wish):

E.g.: I wish you were here with me right now.

 

Übungsaufgaben

1. It's important that she (remember) _______ to take her medicine twice a day.

2. I suggest that Frank (read)
______ the directions carefully before assembling the bicycle. He doesn't want the wheels to fall off while he
is riding down a hill

3. Mrs. Finkelstein demanded that the heater (repair)
______ immediately. Her apartment was freezing.

4. It's vital that the United States (focus)
______ on improving its public education system. What we do now will affect our country for
generations to come.

5. The monk insisted that the tourists (enter)
______ the temple until they had removed their shoes.

6. I am not going to sit here and let her insult me. I demand that she immediately (apologize)
______ for what she just said.

7. Judy asked that we (attend)
______ her graduation ceremony next week.

8. Was it really necessary that (sit) I
______ there watching you the entire time you were rehearsing for the play? It was really
boring watching you repeat the scenes over and over again.

9. It is important to remember that Janine (think)
______ very differently from you. She may not agree to the changes you have made in
the organization of the company.

10. It's a little difficult to find the restaurant. I propose that we all (drive)
______ together so that nobody gets lost along the way.

___________________________________________________________________________________

answers:

1. It's important that she remember to take her medicine twice a day.

2. I suggest that Frank
read the directions carefully before assembling the bicycle. He doesn't want the wheels to fall off while he
is riding down a hill

3. Mrs. Finkelstein demanded that the heater
be repaired immediately. Her apartment was freezing.

4. It's vital that the United States
focus on improving its public education system. What we do now will affect our country for
generations to come.

5. The monk insisted that the tourists
not enter the temple until they had removed their shoes.

6. I am not going to sit here and let her insult me. I demand that she immediately
apologize for what she just said.

7. Judy asked that we
attend her graduation ceremony next week.

8. Was it really necessary that I
be sitting there watching you the entire time you were rehearsing for the play? It was really
boring watching you repeat the scenes over and over again.

9. It is important to remember that Janine
thinks very differently from you. She may not agree to the changes you have made in
the organization of the company.

10. It's a little difficult to find the restaurant. I propose that we all
drive
together so that nobody gets lost along the way.

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