Regeln für den Gebrauch von Subjunctive

 

Present Subjunctive (“Infinitiv-Form” auch in der 3. Person!) folgt nach that (Signalwort!) bei  Verben des Wünschens, Aufforderns, Verlangens:
E.g.: Her brother advised that she go and see a doctor.
 
Present Subjunctive drückt in Nebensätzen einen hohen Grad an Förmlichkeit aus:
E.g.: May the price be high, we will never stop fighting for freedom in the world.
 
Present Subjunctive wird in Nebensätzen des Ziels/des Zweckes/der Absicht verwendet (Signalwörter: in order that, so that, so). Er drückt hier ebenfalls Förmlichkeit aus und kann meistens durch eine Form von should/could/can/may etc. ersetzt werden:
E.g.: A big company has recently equipped four schools with computers so that their students be taught adequately.
 
 
Past Subjunctive (were-Subjunctive) wird in irrealen Bedingungssätzen verwendet:
E.g.: If you were here now, I would be so happy.
 
 
Subjunctive wird außerdem in Wunschsätzen gebraucht (Signalwörter: if only, wish):
E.g.: I wish you were here with me right now.

 

Übung:

 

1.) The woman insisted that the lost child ________ (take) to store´s information desk so his parents could be paged.

2.) The nutritionist recommended that Sally ________ (reduce) her daily fat intake.

3.) The environmental leader felt it was extremely important that the people of the city _______ (allow) to voice their concerns over the new hotel being built on the bay.

4.) She told me that the government __________ (regulate) the airline industry. I don´t know if that is true.

5.) The sign at the pool recommended that you ________ (swim) after eating a large meal.

6.) It is necessary that a life guard __________ (monitor) the swimming pool while the children are taking their swimming lessons.

7.) The sun is scorching today. I suggest you _______ (put) on sunblock immediately before you get a sun burn.

8.) Sarah insists that John ________ (invite) to the wedding; otherwise she will not attend.

9.) I think it´s an interesting fact that he ________ (come) from Germany.

10.) It is imperative that the world ________ (work) towards a solution to global warming before the weather patterns of the world are disrupted irreparably.

 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Answers:

1.) The woman insisted that the lost child should be taken to store´s information desk so his parents could be paged.

2.) The nutritionist recommended that Sally reduce her daily fat intake.

3.) The environmental leader felt it was extremely important that the people of the city be allowed to voice their concerns over the new hotel being built on the bay.

4.) She told me that the government regulates the airline industry. I don´t know if that is true.

5.) The sign at the pool recommended that you should not swim after eating a large meal.

6.) It is necessary that a life guard monitor the swimming pool while the children are taking their swimming lessons.

7.) The sun is scorching today. I suggest you put on sunblock immediately before you get a sun burn.

8.) Sarah insists that John should be invited to the wedding; otherwise she will not attend.

9.) I think it´s an interesting fact that he comes from Germany.

10.) It is imperative that the world work towards a solution to global warming before the weather patterns of the world are disrupted irreparably.

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