Relative clauses

We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. The relative pronoun can be the subject or the object.

The relative pronoun is the subject

We can use 'who', 'which' or 'that'. We use 'who' for people and 'which' for things. We can use 'that' for people or things. The clause can come after the subject or object of the sentence.

For example: She has a daughter who / that is a teacher.

The relative pronoun is the object

In this case we can drop the relative pronoun if we want to. The clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence.

For example: She bought the watch which / that Anna recommended.

 

Exercise:

1.) The house _________ belongs to Anna is in Berlin.

2.) The mobile phone ________ costs 500 Euro is still available in the store.

3.) The people ________ live in Thailand are very relaxed.

4.) My friend ________ lives in France, loves to travel.

5.) There are many books _________ inspired me.

6.) I need to help my friend _______ has a problem.

7.) My neighbor, ___________ has a big house, is really rich.

8.) The dress, __________ I saw in the store, is sold-out.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Answers:

1.) The house which/that belongs to Anna is in Berlin.

2.) The mobile phone which/that costs 500 Euro is still available in the store.

3.) The people who/that live in Thailand are very relaxed.

4.) My friend, who/which lives in France, loves to travel.

5.) There are many books, which/that inspired me.

6.) I need to help my friend, who/that has a problem.

7.) My neighbor, who/that has a big house, is really rich.

8.) The dress, which/that I saw in the store, is sold-out.

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